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Indo-Persian drawing of a falcon, juxtaposed with poetry by renowned poets Hafez and Muhammad Iqbal

[INDO-PERSIAN DRAWING - FALCON]. JAHANGIR YAHYA.
[Indo-Persian inscribed drawing of a falcon].
[Pakistan?], drawing signed 1301 AH (1883/84 CE), poetry signed 1351 AH (1932/33 CE). Drawing in black ink and grey watercolour (ca. 44.5 x 37 cm) on light brown paper, showing a Saker or Barbary falcon, with the collar and leash in blue and white. With four later inscriptions, namely verses in Persian and Urdu, written in black ink. In a modern gold-coloured frame (ca. 56.5 x 48 cm).
€ 7,500
A fine large Indo-Persian drawing of a falcon, very likely a Saker falcon or a Barbary falcon, both found in the Arabian peninsula, the Middle East and Pakistan. In the lower right corner, this drawing is signed "Jahangir Yahya" and dated 1301 AH (1883/84 CE) and there are four later inscriptions in the margins. Nothing is known about the (likely Pakistani) artist beyond his name. The falcon is shown standing on a perch, wearing a collar and leash, the latter tied to the perch. The verses were added to the drawing about fifty years later, which was not uncommon in the Persian and Islamic world. Sometimes there is a relationship between the text and the painting or drawing, sometimes not. For the verse in the upper right corner, the relationship between the drawing and the verse is evident. It is signed with the name of the poet Allama Iqbal and the date 1351 AH (1932/33 CE), suggesting these verses were written beginning about fifty years after the drawing of the falcon. Allama Iqbal refers to the renowned Pakistani poet Sir Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938), who wrote in both Urdu and Persian and whose Urdu poetry is considered among the greatest of the 20th century. His signed and dated verse on the present drawing, in Urdu, compares his beloved to a falcon.
The other three verses, in the upper left corner and to the left and right of the falcon, are Persian verses by the poet Hafez (1315-1390), one of the most highly regarded classical Persian poets, best known for his collection of over 400 ghazals, often touching on subjects as death, love and divine worship. Very likely Hafezs ghazals added to the present drawing, had a metaphorical meaning related to the drawing. Although the consistency of the hand suggests all the verses were written by the same calligrapher, so all about fifty years after the drawings was made, we have no evidence to determine whether Iqbal himself signed his name to the verse in the right upper corner, or whether someone else added his verse and respectfully named its poet. Altogether a beautiful drawing of a falcon, reflecting the Indo-Persian custom of juxtaposing visual art with textual art, here with verses of two of the greatest Urdu and Persian poets in history.
With wrinkles, creases and a few tiny holes (5 in the blank background, 1 in the perch), but with no loss to the drawing of the falcon or the texts, which are in good condition overall.
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Related Subjects:

Horses & hunting  >  Falconry, Fishing & Hunting