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"Bahrain is rich and profitable; its Fishery of Pearls is easy to take over and improve.
Once Hormuz is captured, Bahrain would be acquired and what is in the Sea of Persia"

ALBUQUERQUE, Bráz de.
Commentarios do grande Afonso dAlboquerque capitao geral que foi das Indias Orientaes em tempo do muito poderoso rey D. Manuel o primeiro deste nome.
Lisbon, Regia Officina Typografica, 1774. 4 volumes. 8vo. With a woodcut of Albuquerque's coat of arms on all four title-pages, engraved portrait, an engraved illustration above the dedication, large engraved folding map, covering the regions from the Arabian Peninsula to southern China at head, and including the east coast of Africa, India, the Indian Ocean and most of the East Indies, and 2 woodcut illustrations in text. Contemporary tanned sheepskin, richly gold-tooled spines, marbled edges. [8], XXX, [13], [1 blank], 343, [1 blank]; [12], 285, [3 blank]; [12], 289, [3 blank]; [11], [1 blank], 256 pp.
€ 6,500
Third edition of the Commentarios of the Portuguese admiral and second governor of Portuguese India, Afonso de Albuquerque (ca. 1453-1515), "a great conqueror, and the real founder of the Portuguese empire in the Orient. Appointed head of the "fleet of the Arabian and Persian sea" in 1506, Albuquerque resolved to conquer the island of Hormoz, a great international market; the conquest would permit control of an important commercial route, while Hormoz's treasure would provide the sums necessary to maintain Portuguese forces in the Indian Ocean" (Encyclopaedia Iranica).
The first volume contains his first and second visits to India and the successful attack on Hormuz. "In AD 1507, the balance of power and the ancient trading patterns of the Indian Ocean and The Gulf were permanently altered by the dramatic arrival of the Portuguese, under the ruthless command of Alfonso de Albuquerque. ... The famously wealthy kingdom of Hormuz, which controlled all the shipping lanes of the Gulf and also a significant slice of the Indian Ocean trade, was along with Aden and Malacca, a key target. ... The pearls of the region, and in particularly those of Bahrain, were already recognized as a chief objective. Prior to the conquest of Hormuz, Albuquerue sent a letter to his sovereign, King Manuel I, stating the following: 'Bahrain is rich and profitable; its Fishery of Pearls is easy to take over and improve. Once Hormuz is captured, Bahrain would be acquired and what is in the Sea of Persia'" (Carter).
The book was first published in 1557, compiled by the Captain's son Bráz de Albuquerque (who, after the death of his father, assumed the name of Afonso) from the dispatches forwarded to King Dom Emmanuel.
Internally in very good condition, with only a couple minor smudges and some spots on the map. Spines chipped and boards slightly rubbed along the extremities, but otherwise good. Howgego, to 1800, A41-A44; Innocêncio A36; Porbase (9 copies); Bibl. Salvá 3263 note; cf. J. Aubin, "Albuquerque, Alfonso de," in: Encyclopaedia Iranica (online ed.); Carter, Sea of pearls: seven thousand years of industry that shaped the Gulf (2012); Floor, The Persian Gulf (2006), p. 613; not in Blackmer; Atabey.
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Islamic culture  >  Economics, Numismatics & Trade | Medicine & Science
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